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What are Indices?

Indices are a useful tool for measuring the price performance of a group of shares from a specific exchange. A well-known example is the KSE 100, which tracks the biggest 100 companies on the Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX). By trading indices, investors can gain exposure to the entire economy or sector with only one position required. This can be a beneficial strategy for those looking to diversify their portfolio or invest in a specific industry without having to manage multiple individual shares.
Recently PMEX (Pakistan Mercantile Exchange) Provided an opportunity for investors to trade in world’s 4 Biggest Stock Exchange Indices

Why Trade Indices ?

One of the main benefits of using derivatives, such as CFDs, to trade indices is the ability to gain exposure to a wide range of markets with just one position. Indices provide an overview of an entire industry or market, encompassing the performance of all stocks included within the index.

Dow Jones Industrial Average Index

The Dow Jones Industrial Average is an index that combines the prices of 30 of the most commonly traded stocks on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the Nasdaq. It is a useful tool for investors to gauge the general direction of stock prices. The DJIA is a highly regarded stock index worldwide and includes prominent companies such as Apple, Boeing, Microsoft, and Coca-Cola.

Initially, the DJIA consisted of only 12 companies mainly operating in industrial sectors such as railroads, cotton, gas, sugar, tobacco, and oil. However, it expanded to include 30 companies. The performance of industrial companies is often considered synonymous with the overall economy, making the DJIA an essential indicator of general economic health. Although the economy is now tied to many other sectors, the DJIA is still viewed as a crucial measure of the United States economy’s well-being.

S&P 500 Index

The S&P 500 Index is a weighted index of 500 top publicly traded companies in the US, based on their market capitalization. Although it includes other criteria besides market cap, it is widely regarded as a reliable measure of the American equities’ performance, and that of the stock market overall. The index was launched in 1957 by Standard and Poor’s, a credit rating agency. The S&P 500 Index is float-weighted, which means the market capitalizations of the companies in the index are adjusted by the number of shares available for public trading.

NASDQ 100 Index

The NYSE is the largest stock exchange in the world, while the Nasdaq comes in second. With a market value exceeding $12 trillion, the Nasdaq has more than 4,000 companies listed. The Nasdaq is known for having a focus on innovation and technology, in contrast to the NYSE. The Nasdaq 100 index includes the largest and most active stocks from the Nasdaq exchange, both domestic and international. Various sectors are represented in the Nasdaq 100, such as basic materials, consumer goods and services, healthcare, industrial, technology, telecommunications, and utilities.

Nikkei 225

The Nikkei 225 is a significant stock market index that comprises the 225 largest companies listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, based on price weighting. Due to the vast size of the Japanese economy, the Nikkei 225 serves as a crucial indicator of stock market activity in Asia. Thus, it is important for traders to track the Nikkei 225 to anticipate the direction of Japanese stocks and gauge sentiments and price movements across East Asia. The Nikkei 225 includes top-notch car manufacturers, including Toyota and Honda, and electronics companies like Sony and Panasonic. Moreover, it encompasses a diverse range of industries, from consumer goods to transportation and utility sectors.